North-West Frontier Operations 1895-1902
Whilst relations between Afghanistan and Britis India were relatively stable, various tribes of the NW Frontier continued to cause problems. A series of family feuds within the small independent state of Chitral caused concern due to its strategic location on the border with Afghanistan. The political agent for the region (Surgeon Major Robertson) was sent to Chitral January 1893, however, his recognition of Shujah-ul-Mulk as ruler was not accepted by a rival claimant and ultimately led to the Surgeon Major and a small garrisson of men being besieged in Chitral Fort. A major relief expedition was mounted under Sir Robert Low who fought his way via the Malakaland Pass with the siege being lifted by a small force consisting mainly of 32 Sikh Pioneers.
Further unrest followed which led the British to deploy more than 36,000 troops in the region and a number of subsequent operations.
Punjab Frontier 1897 – 98 – 10th June 1897 – 6th April 1898 – granted to Defenders of Shakadr Fort 7th August 1897, the Mohmand Field force 15th September – 4th October 1897, the Tirah Expeditionary Force which operated 2nd October 1897 – 6th April 1898, the Malakand Field Force which was sent as a punitive expedition to deal with the aftermath of the relief of Malakand and the Tochi Field Force which operated June to October 1897. The Devonshire reg’t was present within the Mohmand Field Force.
Samana 1897 – 22nd august – 2nd October 1897 – issued for service on the Samana Ridge to the posts at Samana and garrisons beyond Kohat.
Tirah 1897 – 98 – 2nd October 1897 – 6th April 1898 – Never issued singly and granted to the Tirah Field force under Lieutenant General Sir W.S.A. Lockhart. Some of the most severe fighting in the 1897-98 revolt was experienced by this force.
Punjab Frontier 1897-98 (as above)
Relief of Chitral 1895 – 7th March – 15th August 1895 – Granted to the relief column that fought its way through to the Garrison.
Waziristan 1901 – 2 – 23rd November 1901 – 10th March 1902 – granted to those engaged in Mahsud territory.
Punjab Frontier 1897-98 (as above) – 2 Highland Light Infantry present within the Mohmand Field Force and Malakand Field Force.
Punjab Frontier 1897 – 98 (as above)