The Boer Wars
The First Boer War began at Potchefstroom, following a dispute over taxation, when a British garrison was attacked, 16th December 1880. The Governor of Natal, Sir George Colley , underestimated Boer capabilities and advancing with inadequate force was defeated by Joubert at Laing’s Nek 28th January 1881, and Ingogo Reiver on 8th February sustaining heavy casualties. Making another attempt to break through, he was killed at Majuba Hill 27th February and following this, Britain gave up the contest and decided upon peace and wihdrawal from the Transvaal.
The discovery of Gold in Transvaal in 1886 drew a large number of outsiders (uitlanders) and hoping to use “uitlander support”| and bring about a British takeover, a Transvaal revolt was planned with the backing of Cape Prime Minister Cecil Rhodes which ultimately did not occur, however the uitlander problem remained unsolved and it was upon this foundation that the second Boer War was built.
26 Bars attributable to the Queens South Africa Medal (2nd Boer War)
Cape Colony – 11th October 1899 – 31st May 1902 – issued to all troops in Cape Colony during this period.
Orange Free State – 28th February 1900 – 31st May 1902 – issued to all troops in the Orange River Colony during this period.
Transvaal – 24th May 1900 – 31st May 1902 issued to all troops in the Transvaal during this period.
South Africa 1901 – 1st January – 31st December 1901 awarded to those who were not eligible for the King’s South Africa Medal 1901-02 though they had served at the front during this period.
South Africa 1902 – 1st January – 31st December 1902 – awarded to those who were not eligible for the King’s South Africa Medal 1901-02 though they had served at the front during this period
Natal 11th October 1899 – 11th June 1900
Granted to all troops in Natal at any time during these dates.
Driver T Tree, 16th Company Army Service Corps Died of Enteric Fever at Ladysmith 12th May 1900.
Wepener – 9th – 25th April 1900 – authorised to all troops engaged in the defense of Wepener during this period.
Belmont – 23rd November 1899 awarded to all troops under Lt General Lord Methuen’s command who were north of Witteputs 23rd Nov 1899.
Modder River – 28th November 1899 – Granted to all troops under Lt General Lord Methuen’s command who were north of Honey Nest Kllof and south of Magerfontein Ridge 28th Nov 1899.
Relief of Kimberley – 15th February 1900 – issued to all troops under Lt general French who marched from Klip Drift, 15th Feb 1900 and all 6 Division under Lt General Kelly-Kenny who were within 1700 yards of Klip Drift on 15th Feb.
Paardeberg – 17th – 26th February 1900 – awarded to all troops within 7000 yards of General Cronje’s final laarger during these dates + all troops within 7000 yards of Koodoe’s Rand Drift for same period.
Driefontein – 10th March 1900 – awarded to all troops with Army HQ and Lt General French’s column which advanced from Popular Grove 10th march 1900.
Johannesburg – 31st May 1900 – awarded to all troops who were north of an east/west line through Klip River station and east of a north/south line through Krugersdorp station 31st may 1900
Diamond Hill – 11th-12th June 1900 – issued to all troops who during this period were east of a north/south line drawn through Silverton Siding and east/west line through Vlakfontein.
Belfast 26th – 27th August 1900 – granted to all troops who during this period were east of a north/south line drawn through Wonderfontein and west of a north/south line through Dalmanutha Station, and north of an east/west line through Carolina (excluding troops quartered at Wonderfontein on those dates).
Defense of Kimberley – 14th October 1899 – 15th February 1900 – issued to all troops in the garrison at Kimberley between these dates.
Wittebergen – 1st – 29th July 1900 – granted to all troops who were inside a line drawn from Harrismith to Methlehem, thence to Senekal and Clocolan along the Basuto border and back to Harrismith between these dates.
Kings South Africa Medal 1901-02 – awarded to all who served in south Africa on or after 1st January 1902 and who completed 18 months service before 1st June 1902. Always issued in combination with the QSA.
Relief of Mafeking – 11th October 1899 – 17th May 1900 – issued to all troops under the command of Colonel Mahon, who marched from Barkly West on 4th May and to all troops under Colonel Plumer’s command between these dates and who were south of an east/west line drawn through Palachwe.
Elandslaagte – 21st October 1899 – issued to all troops at Elandslaagte on 21st October who were on the right bank of the Sunday River and north of an east/west line through Buys Farm. Approx 33o4 Bars issued.
Defense of Ladysmith – 3rd November 1899 – 28th February 1900 – authorised for all troops in Ladysmith during this period.
Queens Mediterranean Medal 1899-1902 awarded to garrisons in the Mediterranean who guarded Boer Prisoners of War
Kimberley Star 1899 – 1900 – issued by the Mayor of Kimberley to members of the garrison or their next of kin who served 90 days in the siege between 1st October 1899 and 28th February 1900. The medals are generally found with the hallmark date letter “a” for 1900. approx 5000 silver stars were produced.